The Endoscopy Department assists physicians in diagnosing and treating disorders of the digestive and respiratory tracts. State-of-the-art technology allows physicians to use flexible video cameras to directly view and perform interventions such as:
Barrett's esophagus is the abnormal growth of intestinal-type cells above the border of the stomach, into the esophagus. Although this disorder is possibly a defense mechanism to protect the esophagus from gastric-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) it is considered to be precancerous and requires careful treatment after it is diagnosed.
An ulcer is an open sore in the lining of the stomach or intestine, much like mouth or skin ulcers. Peptic ulcers are eventually caused by acid and pepsin, a digestive stomach enzyme. These ulcers can occur in the stomach, where they are called gastric ulcers. They can also occur in the first portion of the intestine. These are called duodenal ulcers. "Peptic Ulcer" is the term used to describe either or both of these two types of ulcers.
The colon is home to many beneficial bacteria -- helpful as long as they stay in the colon. However, these bacteria can seep through the thin wall of small pockets of projection in the weak areas of the colon wall called diverticuli and cause infection. This infection around diverticuli is called diverticulitis. It can be mild with only slight discomfort in the left lower abdomen. Or it can be quite extreme with severe tenderness and fever. Treatment for diverticulitis requires antibiotics and resting of the bowel by avoiding food or, at times, even liquids. For severe cases, the patient must be hospitalized.
Cancer of the colon is a major health problem in the United States. It ranks as a leading form of cancer, along with lung and breast cancer. Importantly, colon cancer is also one of the most curable forms of cancer. When detected early, more than 90 percent of patients can be cured.
This disease begins in the cells that line the colon. The complete cause of polyp formation and colon cancer is unknown, but it is known that heredity plays a key role. The cells in the polyp eventually become uncontrolled and turn into a cancer. Colon cancer also can develop with other conditions, such as ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammation in the colon.
What is a Colon Polyp?
A polyp is a growth that occurs in the colon and other organs. These growths, or fleshy tumors, are shaped like a mushroom or a dome-like button, and occur on the inside lining of the colon. They may be as small as a tiny pea or larger than a plum. Colon polyps start out as benign tumors but in time may become malignant. The larger the polyp, the more likely it is to contain cancer cells.
Types of procedures:
- Using a flexible high definition videoscope, allows physician to directly view the digestive tract, from the mouth to the duodenum.
- Surgeons can perform biopsies, interventions involving the gallbladder and bile duct, even stone removal.
- Allows physicians to view the intestinal tract from the rectum to the colon.
- Surgeons can perform biopsies, polypectomies, and diagnostic exams.
- Allows physicians to view the respiratory tract.
- Physicians can perform biopsies, washings, and diagnose certain types of disease.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP)
- A dye is injected into the bile and pancreatic ducts using a flexible video endoscope.
- Real time x-ray is used to outline the bile ducts and pancreas. The reasons for the procedure involve blockages of the bile duct from either stones or stricture.