(Stomach Flu; Stomach Bug)
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- Cruise ships
- College dormitories
- Watery diarrhea
- Abdominal cramps
- Muscle aches
- Fluids—It is important to drink fluids to replace those you’ve lost when sick. Take small sips of water, suck on ice chips, or drink clear soda or noncaffeinated sports drinks. Give your child an oral rehydration solution (such as Pedialyte) instead of water.
- Diet—Gradually begin to eat bland foods, such as toast, crackers, bananas, rice, chicken, and potatoes. Avoid dairy products, caffeine, fatty foods, and spicy foods until you’re feeling better. If you’re breast-feeding an infant who is sick, continue to breast-feed. If your baby is bottle-fed, give him or her oral rehydration solution or formula.
- Rest—Make sure you get enough rest while you’re sick and when you’re recovering. If your child is sick, make sure he or she gets plenty of rest.
- Can’t keep fluids down for 24 hours
- Vomit blood
- Have bloody diarrhea
- Have a fever above 101 degrees Fahrenheit
- Vomit for more than 2 days
Have signs of dehydration:
- Excessive thirst
- Dry mouth
- Dark urine
- Little or no urine
- Is under 6 months of age
- Has a fever of 102 degrees Fahrenheit (38.8 degrees Celsuis) or higher
- Seems tired or irritable
- Has bloody diarrhea
- Has stomach pain
Has signs of dehydration:
- Unusual drowsiness
- Dry lips and mouth
- No tears when crying
- Dark urine
- Not urinating very much (for example, no wet diaper in 3 hours)
- Feeling thirsty but vomiting after drinking fluids
- If possible, avoid contact with people who have the condition.
- Always wash your hands thoroughly. Use warm water and soap, rub vigorously, and rinse well.
- Help your children wash their hands thoroughly.
- Use bleach to disinfect contaminated surfaces in your home (toilet, sink faucet in bathroom).
- Don’t share personal items, such as toothbrush, towels, and drinking glasses.
- Take special care when traveling to countries that are more likely to have contaminated food and water. Only drink bottled water, avoid ice cubes, and don’t eat raw foods, including vegetables.
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Alberta Health http://www.health.gov.ab.ca
HealthLink BC http://www.bchealthguide.org
Norovirus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/. Accessed December 18, 2014.
Norovirus infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 22, 2014. Accessed December 18, 2014.
- Reviewer: Peter Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 01/13/2014 -