Intraventricular Hemorrhage of Infancy
(IVH; Subependymal Germinal Matrix Hemorrhage; Early-onset Germinal Matrix Hemorrhage; EGMH; Periventricular-Intraventricular Hemorrhage; PIVH)
|Ventricles of the Brain|
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- Low birth weight
- Lack of oxygen
- Direct trauma to the baby’s head during birth
- Breathing complications at birth
- Infection that leads to blood clotting problems
- Severe infection
- Swelling of soft spots at the top of the head
- Pauses in breathing
- Muscle spasms
- Pale or blue color
- Weak suck
- Monitoring your baby’s condition to manage any complications.
- Treating any other medical conditions associated with the bleeding.
- Ventriculoperitoneal shunt—a tube that runs under the skin and allows fluid to drain from the ventricle (brain) to the abdomen
- Lumbar puncture , fontanelle tap, or surgery—to drain fluid from your baby's brain
American Academy of Neurology http://www.aan.com
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://healthychildren.org
Canadian Pediatric Society http://www.cps.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Ballabh P. Intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants: mechanism of disease. Pediatr Res. 2010;67(1):1-8.
Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al. Diseases and injuries of the fetus and newborn. In: Obstetrics. 23rd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Books; 2010:605-645.
Intraventricular hemorrhage. Boston Children's Hospital website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/health-topics/conditions/intraventricular-hemorrhage. Accessed June 24, 2013.
Intraventricular hemorrhage of infancy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 24, 2011. Accessed August 12, 2014.
Fowlie PW, Davis PG, McGuire W. Prophylactic intravenous indomethacin for preventing mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. Cochrane Database of Syst Rev 2010;7:CD000174.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -