(Infection, Kidney; Pyelonephritis)
|Anatomy of the Kidney|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Sexual activity
Conditions that block or slow the flow of urine such as:
- Enlarged prostate gland
- Kidney stones
- Birth defect of the urinary tract, including vesicoureteral reflux
- Having a cystoscopy —a test to examine the bladder
- Catheter or stent placed in the urinary tract
- Conditions that impair bladder emptying like multiple sclerosis and spina bifida
- Pain in the abdomen, lower back, side, or groin
- Frequent urination
- Urgent urination that produces only a small amount of urine
- Sensation of a full bladder—even after urination
- Burning pain with urination
- Fever and chills
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pus and blood in the urine
- Loss of appetite
- Bacteria or other signs of infection
- Other abnormal elements
- Sepsis (infection that has spread throughout the body)
- Chronic infection
- Scarring of the kidney
- Permanent kidney damage
- Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Cranberry juice is a good choice to prevent bladder infection.
- Practice good hygiene.
- Urinate when you need to. Don't wait.
- Take showers rather than baths.
- Wipe from the front to the back after using the toilet.
- Urinate before and after sex. Drink water to help flush bacteria.
- Avoid genital deodorant sprays and douches.
- For men:
- Circumcision associated with reduced risk of bladder infection.
National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org
Urology Care Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org
The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ab.ca
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Acute pyelonephritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated December 4, 2012. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Pyelonephritis (kidney infection) in adults. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/pyelonephritis/index.aspx . Updated June 11, 2012. Accessed December 28, 2012.
3/6/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Nikolaidis P, Casalino DD, Remer EM. American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria Acute Pyelonephritis. National Guideline Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=37923 . Updated 2012.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -