Age-Related Eye Disease Study Research Group. A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of high-dose supplementation with vitamins C and E, beta carotene, and zinc for age-related macular degeneration and vision loss: AREDS Report no.8.
Newsome DA, Swartz M, Leone NC, et al. Oral zinc in macular degeneration.
Stur M, Tittl M, Reitner A, et al. Oral zinc and the second eye in age-related macular degeneration.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
Seddon JM, Ajani UA, Sperduto RD, et al. Dietary carotenoids, vitamins A, C, and E, and advanced age-related macular degeneration. Eye Disease Case-Control Study Group.
Mares-Perlman JA, Brady WE, Klein R, et al. Serum antioxidants and age-related macular degeneration in a population-based case-control study.
Landrum JT, Bone RA, Kilburn MD. The macular pigment: a possible role in protection from age-related macular degeneration.
Hammond BR Jr, Wooten BR, Snodderly DM. Density of the human crystalline lens is related to the macular pigment carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin.
Optom Vis Sci
Snodderly DM. Evidence for protection against age-related macular degeneration by carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins.
Am J Clin Nutr
Mares-Perlman JA, Fisher AI, Klein R, et al. Lutein and zeaxanthin in the diet and serum and their relation to age-related maculopathy in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Am J Epidemiol
Scharrer A, Ober M. Anthocyanosides in the treatment of retinopathies [translated from German].
Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd
Lebuisson DA, Leroy L, Rigal G. Treatment of senile macular degeneration with
extract. A preliminary double-blind, drug versus placebo study [translated from French].
Caselli L. Clinical and electroretinographic study on activity of anthocyanosides [in Italian; English abstract].
Arch Med Intern (Parma).
Watson V. Wine consumption decreases risk of age-related blindness.
1997 June 5.
Age-Related Eye Disease Study Research Group. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of high-dose supplementation with vitamins C and E and beta carotene for age-related cataract and vision loss: AREDS report no. 9.
Taylor HR, Tikellis G, Robman LD, et al. Vitamin E supplementation and macular degeneration: randomised controlled trial.
Fies P, Dienel A. Ginkgo extract in impaired vision—treatment with special extract EGb 761 of impaired vision due to dry senile macular degeneration.
Wien Med Wochenschr
Richer S, Stiles W, Statkute L, et al. Double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of lutein and antioxidant supplementation in the intervention of atrophic age-related macular degeneration: the Veterans LAST study (Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial).
Chiu CJ, Hubbard LD, Armstrong J et al. Dietary glycemic index and carbohydrate in relation to early age-related macular degeneration.
Am J Clin Nutr
Feher J, Kovacs B, Kovacs I, et al. Improvement of Visual Functions and Fundus Alterations in Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treated with a Combination of Acetyl-L-Carnitine, n-3 Fatty Acids, and Coenzyme Q10.
Bartlett HE, Eperjesi F. Effect of lutein and antioxidant dietary supplementation on contrast sensitivity in age-related macular disease: a randomized controlled trial.
Eur J Clin Nutr
. 2007 Jan 31. [Epub ahead of print]
Wimpissinger B, Berisha F, Garhoefer G, et al. Influence of ginkgo biloba on ocular blood flow.
Acta Ophthalmol Scand
. 2007 Feb 26. [Epub ahead of print]
Christen WG, Manson JE, Glynn RJ, et al. Beta-carotene supplementation and age-related maculopathy in a randomized trial of US physicians.
Evans J, Henshaw K. Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for preventing age-related macular degeneration.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
Chong EW, Kreis AJ, Wong TY, et al. Dietary omega-3 fatty acid and fish intake in the primary prevention of age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Lawrenson JG, Evans JR. Omega 3 fatty acids for preventing or slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;4:CD010015.